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Dalhousie University
 
  
 
 
 
 

 
 
Publications.

2014

Langseth, B.J., Purcell, K.M., Craig, J.K., Schueller, A.M., Smith, J.W., Shertzer, K.W., Creekmore, S., Rose, K.A., Fennel, K., Effect of changes in dissolved oxygen concentrations on the spatial dynamics of the Gulf Menhaden fishery in the northern Gulf of Mexico, Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 6:223-234, doi:10.1080/19425120.2014.949017 (2014) [pdf]

Mattern, J. P., K. Fennel, and M. Dowd, Periodic time-dependent parameters improving forecasting abilities of biological ocean models, Geophysical Research Letters 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL061178 (2014) [link]

Lagman, K.B., Fennel, K., Thompson, K.R., Bianucci, L., Assessing the utility of frequency dependent nudging for reducing biases in biogeochemical models, Ocean Modelling 81:25-35, doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.06.006 (2014) [link]

Azhar, M.A., Canfield, D.E., Fennel, K., Thamdrup, B., Bjerrum, C. J., A model-based insight into the coupling of nitrogen and sulfur cycles in a coastal upwelling system, Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences 119, doi:10.1002/2012JG002271 (2014) [link]

Fennel, K. Other nutrients and dissolved oxygen and climate change, In: Freedman, B. (ed) Global Environmental Change, Handbook of Global Environmental Pollution XXVII, 973 p., Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, doi:10.1007/SpringerReference_306841 (2014) [url] [pdf]

Feng, Y., Fennel, K., Jackson, G.A., DiMarco, S.F., Hetland, R.D., A model study of the response of hypoxia to upwelling favorable wind on the northern Gulf of Mexico shelf, Journal of Marine Systems 131:63-73 (2014) [link]

Laurent, A., Fennel, K., Simulated reduction of hypoxia in the northern Gulf of Mexico due to phosphorus limitation, Elementa 2:000022, doi:10.12952/journal.elementa.000022 (2014) [link]

Garcon, V.C., Bell, T.G., Wallace, D., Arnold, S.R., Baker, A., Bakker, C.E. Bange, H.W., Bates, N.R., Bopp, L., Boutin, J., Boyd, P.W. Bracher, A., Burrows, J.P., Carpenter, L.J. de Leeuw, G., Fennel, K., Font, J., Friedrich, T., Garbe, C.S., Gruber, N., Jargle, L., Lana, A., Lee, J.D., Liss, P.S., Miller, L.A., Olgun, N., Olsen, A., Pfeil, B., Quack, B., Read, K. Reul, N., Roedenbeck, C., Rohekar, S.S., Saiz-Lopez, A., Saltzman E.S., Schneising, O., Schuster, U., Seferian, R., Steinhoff, T., Le Traon, P.-Y., Ziska, F., Perspectives and integration of SOLAS science, In: Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles, eds.: P.S. Liss and M.T. Johnson, Springer Earth System Sciences, doi:10.1007/978-3-642-25643-1_5 (2014) [pdf]

Ibarra, D., Fennel, K., Cullen, J., Coupling 3-D Eulerian bio-physics (ROMS) with individual-based shellfish ecophysiology (SHELL-E): A hybrid model for carrying capacity and environmental impacts of bivalve aquaculture, Ecological Modelling 273, 63-78 (2014) [pdf]

2013

Luettich, R.A. Jr., Wright, D.D., Signell, R., Friedrichs, C., Friedrichs, M., Harding, J., Fennel, K., Howlett, E., Graves, S., Smith, E., Crane, G., Baltes, B., Introduction to special section on The U.S. IOOS Super-regional Coastal Ocean Modeling Testbed, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 118, 6319-6328, doi:10.1002/2013JC008939 (2013) [link]

Mattern, P., Dowd, M., Fennel, K., Particle Filter-based data assimilation for a 3D biological ocean model and satellite observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 118, 2746-2760, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20213 (2013) [pdf]

Wilson, R.F., Fennel, K., Mattern, P., Simulating sediment-water exchange of nutrients and oxygen: A comparative assessment of models against mesocosm observations, Continental Shelf Research 63, 69-84 (2013) [pdf]

Xue, Z., He, R., Fennel, K., Cai, W.-J., Lohrenz, S., and Hopkinson, C., Modeling ocean circulation and biogeochemical variability in the Gulf of Mexico, Biogeosciences, 10, 7219-7234, doi:10.5194/bg-10-7219-2013 (2013) [link]

Mattern, J.P., Fennel, K., Dowd, M., Sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of model hypoxia estimates for the Texas-Louisiana shelf, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 118, 1316-1332, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20130 (2013) [pdf]

Fennel, K., Hu, J., Laurent, A., Marta-Almeida, M., Hetland, R., Sensitivity of hypoxia predictions for the Northern Gulf of Mexico to sediment oxygen consumption and model nesting, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 118, 990-1002, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20077 (2013) [pdf]

Burt, W.J., Thomas, H., Fennel, K., Horne, E.: Sediment-water column fluxes of carbon, oxygen and nutrients in Bedford Basin, Nova Scotia, inferred from 224Ra measurements, Biogeosciences,10, 53-66, doi:10.5194/bg-10-53-2013 (2013) [pdf]

2012

Laurent, A., Fennel, K., Hu, J., and Hetland, R.: Simulating the effects of phosphorus limitation in the Mississippi and Atchafalaya River plumes, Biogeosciences, 9, 4707-4723, doi:10.5194/bg-9-4707-2012 (2012) [pdf]

Mattern, J.P., Fennel, K., Dowd, M., Estimating time-dependent parameters for a biological ocean model using an emulator approach, Journal of Marine Systems 96-97:32-47 (2012) [pdf]

Hu, J., Fennel, K., Mattern, J.P., Wilkin, J., Data Assimilation with a local Ensemble Kalman filter applied to a three-dimensional biological model of the Middle Atlantic Bight, Journal of Marine Systems, 94, 145-156 (2012) [pdf]

Bianucci, L., Fennel, K., and Denman, K. L.: Role of sediment denitrification in water column oxygen dynamics: comparison of the North American east and west coasts, Biogeosciences, 9, 2673-2682, doi:10.5194/bg-9-2673-2012 (2012) [link]

2011

Fennel, K., Cetinic, I., D'Asaro, E., Lee, C., Perry, M.J., Autonomous data describe North Atlantic spring bloom, EOS Transactions AGU, Vol. 92, No. 50, 465-466, doi:10.1029/2011EO500002 (2011) [pdf]

He, R., Chen, K., Fennel, K., Gawarkiewicz, G. G., and D. J. McGillicuddy Jr.: Seasonal and interannual variability of physical and biological dynamics at the Shelfbreak Front of the Middle Atlantic Bight: nutrient supply mechanisms, Biogeosciences 8, 2935-2946, doi:10.5194/bg-8-2935-2011 (2011) [pdf]

Fennel, K., Hetland, R., Feng, Y., DiMarco, S., A coupled physical-biological model of the Northern Gulf of Mexico shelf: Model description, validation and analysis of phytoplankton variability, Biogeosciences 8, 1881-1899, doi:10.5194/bg-8-1881-2011 (2011) [pdf]

Bagniewski, W., Fennel, K., Perry, M.J., D’Asaro, E.A., Optimizing models of the North Atlantic spring bloom using physical, chemical and bio-optical observations from a Lagrangian float, Biogeosciences 8, 1291-1307, doi:10.5194/bg-8-1291-2011 (2011) [pdf]
Access model output from Bagniewski et al. (2011) here.

Hofmann, E.E., Cahill, B., Fennel, K., Friedrichs, M., Hyde, K., Lee, C., Mannino, A., Najjar, R., O’Reilly, J., Wilkin, J., Xue, J., Continental shelf carbon budgets, pathways and forcing functions, Annual Reviews of Marine Sciences 3, 93-122 (2011) [pdf]

2010

Fennel, K., The role of continental shelves in nitrogen and carbon cycling:
Northwestern North Atlantic case study
. Ocean Science 6, 539-548, doi:10.5194/os-6-539-2010 (2010) [pdf]

Mafra, L.L., Bricelj, V.M., Fennel, K., Domoic acid uptake and elemination kinetics in oysters and mussels in relation to body size and anatomical distribution of toxin. Aquatic Toxicology 100, 17-29 (2010) [pdf]

Druon, J.N., Mannino, A., Signorini, S., McClain, C., Friedrichs, M., Wilkin, J., Fennel, K., Modeling the dynamics and export of dissolved organic matter in the Northeastern U.S. continental shelf. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 88, 488-507 (2010) [pdf]

Mattern, J.P.; Fennel, K.; Dowd, M. Introduction and Assessment of Measures for Quantitative Model-Data Comparison Using Satellite Images. Remote Sens. 2, 794-818 (2010) [pdf]

Mattern, J.P., Dowd, M., Fennel, K., Sequential Data Assimilation Applied to a Physical-Biological Model for the Bermuda Atlantic Time Series Station, Journal of Marine Systems 79:144-156, doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2009.08.004 (2010) [pdf]

2009

Fennel, K., Wilkin, J., Quantifying biological carbon export for the northwest North Atlantic continental shelves, Geophysical Research Letters 36, L18605, doi:10.1029/2009GL039818 (2009) [pdf]

Lehmann, M.K., Fennel, K., He, R., Statistical validation of a 3-D bio-physical model of the western North Atlantic, Biogeosciences 6:1961-1974, doi:10.5194/bg-6-1961-2009 (2009) [link]

Previdi, M., Fennel, K., Wilkin, J., Haidvogel, D.B., Interannual Variability in Atmospheric CO2 Uptake on the Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf, Journal of Geophysical Research 114, G04003, doi:10.1029/2008JG000881 (2009) [pdf]

O'Dor, R.K., Fennel, K., Vanden Berghe, E., A One Ocean Model of Biodiversity, Deep-Sea Research II doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.05.023 (2009) [pdf]

Fennel, K., Brady, D., DiToro, D., Fulweiler, R., Gardner, W.S., Giblin, A., McCarthy, M.J., Rao, A., Seitzinger, S., Thouvenot-Korppoo, M., Tobias, C., Modelling denitrification in aquatic sediments. Biogeochemistry 93:159-178 DOI 10.1007/s10533-008-9270-z (2009) [pdf]

2008

Fennel, K., Wilkin, J., Previdi, M., Najjar, R. Denitrification effects on air-sea CO2 flux in the coastal ocean: Simulations for the Northwest North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L24608, doi:10.1029/2008GL036147 (2008) [pdf]

Fennel, K., Widespread implementation of controlled upwelling in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre would counteract diazotrophic N2 fixation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 371:301-303 (2008) [pdf]

Berman-Frank, I., Chen, Y., Gao, Y., Fennel, K., Follows, M., Milligan, A., Falkowski, P.G., Chapter 35: Feedbacks between the Nitrogen, Carbon and Oxygen Cycles. In: Nitrogen in the Marine Environment, edited by Mulholland, M., Carpenter, E., Capone, D., Bronk, D. Elsevier DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-372522-6.00035-9 (2008) [pdf]

Hofmann, E., Druon, J.-N., Fennel, K., Friedrichs, M., Haidvogel, D., Lee, C., Mannino, A., McClain, C., Najjar, R., Siewert, J., O'Reilly, J., Pollard, D., Previdi, M., Seitzinger, S., Signorini, S., Wilkin, J., Eastern US Continental Shelf Carbon Budget: Integrating Models, Data Assimiltion, and Analysis. Oceanography 21(1):32-50 (2008) [pdf]

Haidvogel, D.B., Arango, H., Budgell, W.P., Cornuelle, B.D., Curchitser, E., Di Lorenzo, E., Fennel, K., Geyer, W.R., Hermann, A.J., Lanerolle, L., Levin, J., McWilliams, J.C., Miller, A. J., Moore, A.M., Powell, T.M., Shchepetkin, A.F., Sherwood, C.R., Signell, R.P., Warner, J.C., Wilkin, J., Regional Ocean Forecasting in Terrain-following Coordinates: Model Formulation and Skill Assessment. Journal of Computational Physics 227:3595-3624 doi:10.1016/i.jcp.2007.06.016 (2008) [pdf]

2007

Katz, M.E., Fennel, K., Falkowski, P.G., Geochemical and biological consequences of phytoplankton evolution. In: Evolution of Primary Producers of the Sea edited by Knoll, A., Falkowski, P.G. (2007) [pdf]
Read Book Review in Science 319, 1 Feb 2008

Fennel, K., Collier, R., Larson, G., Crawford, G., Boss, E., The seasonal cycle of nutrients and plankton in Crater Lake. Hydrobiologia 574:265-280 DOI 10.1007/s10750-006-0356-0 (2007) [pdf]

Boss, E., Collier, R., Larson, G., Fennel, K., Pegau, W. S., Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR. Hydrobiologia 574:149-159 DOI 10.1007/s10750-006-2609-3 (2007) [pdf]

2006

Rothstein, L.M., Cullen, J.J., Abbott, M., Chassignet, E., Denman, K., Doney, S., Ducklow, H., Fennel, K., Follows, M., Haidvogel, D., Hoffman, E., Karl, D., Kindle, J., Lima, I., Maltrud, M., McClain, C., McGillicuddy, D., Olascoaga, J., Spitz, Y., Wiggert, J., Yoder, J., Modeling Ocean Ecosystems: The PARADIGM Program. Oceanography 19(1):16-45 (2006) [pdf]

Fennel , K., Wilkin, J., Levin, J., Moisan, J., O'Reilly, J., Haidvogel, D., Nitrogen cycling in the Mid Atlantic Bight and implications for the North Atlantic nitrogen budget: Results from a three-dimensional model. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 20, GB3007, doi:10.1029/2005GB002456. (2006) [pdf]

2005

Falkowski, P.G., Katz, M.E., Milligan, A., Fennel, K., Cramer, B., Pierre Aubry, M., Berner, R., Zapol, W.M. The rise of atmospheric oxygen levels over the past 205 million years and the evolution of large placental mammals. Science 309:2202-2204 (2005) [pdf]
Read commentary in Nature, and CNN coverage

Fennel , K., Follows, M., Falkowski, P.G., The co-evolution of the nitrogen, carbon and oxygen cycles in the Proterozoic Ocean. American Journal of Science 305:526-545 (2005) [pdf]
Read German and Austrian press coverage in Sϋddeutsche Zeitung, 101 May 3, 2005 and Der Standard, May 5, 2005

Katz, M.E., Wright, J.D., Miller, K.G., Cramer, B.S., Fennel, K., Falkowski P.G. Biological Overprint of the Geological Carbon Cycle. Marine Geology 217 (3-4):323-338 (2005) [pdf]

2003

Fennel K., and E. Boss Subsurface maxima of phytopankton and chlorophyll--Steady state solutions from a simple model. Limnology & Oceanography 48(4), p.1521-1534 (2003) [pdf]

Fennel, K., M.R. Abbott, Y.H. Spitz, J.G. Richman and D.M. Nelson, Modeling controls of phytoplankton production in the southwest Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II 50, p.769-798 (2003) [pdf]

Fennel, K., M.R. Abbott, Y.H. Spitz, J.G. Richman and D.M. Nelson, Impacts of iron control on phytoplankton production in the modern and glacial Souhern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II, 50 p.833-851 (2003) [pdf]

2000-2002

Fennel, K., Y.H. Spitz, R.M. Letelier, M.R. Abbott and D.M. Karl, A deterministic model for N2 fixation at Station ALOHA in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II 49, p.149-174 (2002) [pdf]

Fennel, K., M. Losch, J. Schröter and M. Wenzel, Testing a marine ecosystem model: Sensitivity analysis and parameter optimization. Journal of Marine Systems 28/1-2, p.45-63 (2001) [pdf]

Fennel, K., The generation of phytoplankton patchiness by mesoscale current patterns. Ocean Dynamics 52, p.58-70 (2001) [pdf]

Humborg, C., K. Fennel, M. Pastuszak and W. Fennel, A box model approach for the long-term assessment of estuarine eutrophication, Szczecin Lagoon, southern Baltic. Journal of Marine Systems 25, p.387-403 (2000)

1998-1999

Fennel, K., Interannual and Regional Variability of Chemical-biological Variables in a Coupled 3-D Model of the Western Baltic. Hydrobiologia 393, p.25-33 (1999)

Fennel, K., Convection and the timing of phytoplankton spring blooms in the western Baltic Sea. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 49, p.113-128 (1999)

Fennel, K., and T. Neumann, A Coupled physical-chemical-biological Model for the Western Baltic. In: Harff, J., W. Lemke & K. Stattegger (eds.). Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems, Springer Berlin, p.169-181 (1998)

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